John Lewis: A Brother

John Lewis:  A Brother I met John Lewis during the1964 Mississippi Summer Project, later known as  Mississippi Freedom Summer.  I had heard him speak at the March On Washington in August of 1963.  He was very focused and forceful, but his speech was changed because some felt it called for violence, and the following passage…

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Freedom Schools and Black History

African American life and history were an integral part of the civil rights movement in the 1960’s, especially the Mississippi Freedom Summer of 1964.  This particular part of the push to empower Black communities all across Mississippi and the South significantly impacted public education and spurred the achievement of equal opportunity for Black communities.               Even though…

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Civil Rights: Then and Now

Civil Rights:  Then and Now The civil rights movement in the 1960s is being reflected in today’s movements, but it appears history is repeating itself in the public perception of today’s Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.  There are many more similarities and differences, but the main difference…

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Succeeding in Our Public Schools

Changing Our Public Schools… For centuries, people of color in the United States of America were banned from public schools.  These laws, which were prevalent in the South but also were passed by state legislatures in the Southwest and Midwest, segregated blacks and whites in all aspects of public life, including attendance of public schools. …

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Voting in America

Voting in America… The United States of America is a democracy.  All citizens vote in elections to elect public officials, approve or disapprove taxes, and a wide range of other issues, depending upon the state in which the voter resides.  Except that all citizens cannot vote.   Historically, people of color were denied the right to…

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